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考研英语时文赏读(123):社交媒体或不利于儿童成长

  Social media use may harm teens’ mental health by disrupting positive activities, study says

  研究表明,社交媒体的使用可能会妨碍积极的活动,从而不利于青少年的心理健康

  Social media use has been linked to depression, especially in teenage girls. But a new study argues that the issue may be more complex than experts think.

  社交媒体的使用与抑郁症的患病相关,尤其对少女而言。但一项新的研究表明,问题可能比专家们想象的还要复杂。

  The research, published Tuesday in the journal The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, involved interviews with almost 10,000 children between the ages of 13 and 16 in England.

  这项研究于本周二发表在《柳叶刀——儿童与青少年健康》杂志上。研究人员对英国近1万名年龄在13岁至16岁之间的儿童进行了调查。

  The researchers found that social media may harm girls’ mental health by increasing their exposure to bullying and reducing their sleep and physical exercise.

  研究人员发现,社交媒体可能会增加女孩受欺凌的概率、减少她们的睡眠和体育锻炼活动的时间,从而不利于她们的心理健康。

  Our results suggest that social media itself doesn’t cause harm, but that frequent use may disrupt activities that have a positive impact on mental health such as sleeping and exercising, while increasing exposure of young people to harmful content, particularly the negative experience of cyber-bullying, study co-author Russell Viner of the UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health said in a statement.

  该研究的共同作者、伦敦大奥蒙德街儿童健康学院的卢瑟尔·威纳在一份声明中表示,我们的研究结果表明,社交媒体本身不会造成伤害,但频繁使用可能会扰乱正常生活,特别是对心理健康有积极影响的睡眠和锻炼,同时也会让未成年人接触到诸如网络暴力之类的有害内容。

  In other words: Social media itself might not be to blame for the mental health issues; rather, it takes away from the girls’ sleep quality and exercise while exposing users to cyberbullying, and that’s what leads to lower well-being and problems with mental health.

  换言之:社交媒体本身可能不是造成心理健康问题的原因;但是,它夺走了女孩的睡眠质量和锻炼活动,同时让孩子们暴露在网络欺凌之下,而这正是导致幸福感下降和心理健康问题的原因。

  (全文共200个词,时代周刊)

  重难点词汇:

  disrupt  vt. 破坏;使瓦解;使分裂;使中断;使陷于混乱 adj. 分裂的,中断的;分散的

  bully  n. 欺凌弱小者;土霸 vt. 欺负;威吓 vi. 欺侮人

 


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